The following roadways comprise Florida's Turnpike system:
1. Turnpike Mainline
2. Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike
3. Toll 589 - The Veterans Expressway/Suncoast Parkway
4. Toll 417 – The Seminole Expressway/Central Florida GreeneWay/Southern Connector Extension
5. Beachline Expressway
6. Polk Parkway
7. Sawgrass Expressway
8. Western Beltway
Florida's Turnpike, also designated as State Road 91, is a user-financed, limited-access toll road that runs 312 miles, through 11 counties, beginning near Florida City in Miami-Dade County and terminating near Wildwood in Sumter County.
The Florida State Turnpike Authority was authorized by the Florida legislature and signed into law by Governor Dan McCarty as the Turnpike Authority Act on July 11, 1953. Originally designated the Sunshine State Parkway, the Turnpike was constructed in two major projects. The first project was the 110-mile route between Golden Glades and Ft. Pierce. The Parkway opened to traffic on January 25, 1957. In 1960, the Turnpike began a study for a proposed extension to Orlando. In 1961, Project II, from Ft. Pierce to Orlando was authorized.
The 61-mile section of the Parkway between Yeehaw Junction and south Orlando opened on July 17, 1963, but the section connecting Yeehaw Junction to Ft. Pierce did not open until November 22, 1963.
The final section of the Parkway, and current northern limit of the Turnpike, opened at the connection with Interstate 75 in Sumter County on July 24, 1964. Interstate 4 was not complete when the northern project was constructed; that interchange was not completed until April 18, 1967.
On June 5, 1962, a meeting was held to discuss a proposed toll road from Orlando to Cape Canaveral. That road later became SR 528, the Bee Line Expressway. The 47-mile Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike (HEFT) and the eight-mile Bee Line Connector were approved as the third expansion project of the Turnpike in July 1969 when the Turnpike became part of the Florida Department of Transportation. Project III was funded through the sale of $115 million in 1970 Series Bonds. In early 1973, the HEFT opened to traffic between Golden Glades and US 27 (seven miles). The remaining sections of the Homestead extension opened to traffic in stages through May 1975. Meanwhile, on July 23, 1973, the Bee Line Connector opened to traffic between the Turnpike and McCoy Air Force Base Road, and on December 15, 1973 from the Turnpike to Interstate 4.
Evolution of the Turnpike
The Turnpike was reorganized and incorporated into the newly-formed Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) in July 1969. The Turnpike’s functions became part of the FDOT pursuant to the reorganization of the State Government Act. At that time, individual FDOT Districts managed the Turnpike work program, operations and maintenance in their areas. In 1988, the Florida Legislature created the Office of Florida's Turnpike.
In 1990, the Legislature passed Senate Bill 1316, authorizing the expansion of Florida's Turnpike to include construction of non-contiguous road projects as an alternative to assist in meeting the State's backlog of needed highway facilities. The Legislature set environmental and financial feasibility standards, authorized toll increases on the existing system and allowed higher rate per mile tolls on the new projects through Chapter 339.2275(3) of the Florida Statutes. The Legislature approved expansion projects and new interchanges subject to verification of economic feasibility, determination that the projects are consistent, to the maximum extent feasible, with approved local government comprehensive plans were projects are located, and completion of a statement of the project’s significant environmental impacts. Fifty road projects were submitted for consideration and, ultimately, ten new roads were identified for possible construction, subject to meeting the feasibility requirements, and 15 new interchanges. In addition, the Turnpike purchased the Sawgrass Expressway (Toll Road 869) from the Broward County Expressway Authority.
On April 11, 2002, Governor Bush signed House Bill 261, creating Florida's Turnpike Enterprise, and directing the Turnpike to pursue innovation and best private-sector business practices, to improve cost-effectiveness and timeliness in project delivery, to increase revenues and expand its capital program, and to improve quality of service to its customers. At that time, the Office of Toll Operations, formerly a separate division of the State of Florida, was folded into the Enterprise.
Currently, more than 2.1 million motorists use the Turnpike’s system of roads every day.
The Florida’s Turnpike Enterprise five year work program (2008-2012) contains more than $4.1 billion in capital improvements, which include widening the mainline roadway, new interchanges, safety improvements, resurfacing improvements and maintenance.
Click here for a map of the Turnpike Mainline
Homestead Extension Of Florida's Turnpike
The Homestead Extension of Florida’s Turnpike begins at the Miami-Dade4/Broward County line Milepost (47), travels west past Interstate 75 and continues south to the US 1 interchange (Exit 1) in Florida City, north of the Florida Keys.
The Homestead Extension is the most heavily traveled segment of Florida’s Turnpike. In 2007, average daily traffic exceeded 178,000 vehicles at its busiest location, between the Southwest 8th Street (Exit 25) and State Road 836 (Exit 26) interchanges.
Speed limits on the Homestead Extension vary from 70 mph on the eastern/northern end to 60 and 65 mph in the central and southern segments.
Construction of the Homestead Extension was completed in 1974.
On August 6, 2008 a segment of the Homestead Extension between Southwest 152nd and 216th streets in Palmetto Bay and Cutler Bay was renamed ‘John F. Cosgrove Highway.’ The 2007 Legislature of Florida honored the late John F. Cosgrove, a former state representative and the first Mayor of Cutler Bay, who was best known for his get-tough legislation on insurance companies attempting to flee Florida following Hurricane Andrew. State Senator Larcenia J. Bullard (D-Miami) sponsored the bill creating the highway designation.
Click here for a map of the Homestead Extension
Toll 589 – The Veterans Expressway/Suncoast Parkway
Toll Road 589, part of Florida’s Turnpike System, is a 57-mile, tolled, limited-access transportation corridor serving West Central Florida. It was constructed and completed as two separate roadway projects.
The Veterans Expressway is the southern 15-mile portion of Toll Road 589, extending from near SR 60/Courtney Campbell Causeway west of Tampa International Airport to SR 597/Dale Mabry Highway in Hillsborough County. The project’s design, right-of-way acquisition and construction originated with the Tampa-Hillsborough County Expressway Authority. In 1990, the Florida Legislature established the Florida’s Turnpike expansion program and identified this road as one of the Turnpike expansion projects. The Veterans Expressway was officially named when CH.92-152 was passed by the Florida Legislature in 1992. The legislation dedicated the project to the veterans of all wars. Construction was completed on October 1, 1994 and the Turnpike assumed ownership and operating responsibility.
There are two mainline toll plazas on the Veterans Expressway, one located just north of Waters Avenue (Andersen Toll Plaza) and one located between Ehrlich Road and Hutchison Road interchanges (Sugarwood Toll Plaza). Eleven interchanges include Memorial Highway, Hillsborough Avenue, Waters Avenue, Andersen Road, Linebaugh Avenue, Wilsky Boulevard, Gunn Highway, Ehrlich Road, Hutchison Road, SR 568 (spur to Dale Mabry Highway) and Van Dyke Road.
Since the Veterans expressway opened in 1994, traffic volumes have steadily increased. To provide a better ride for everyone in the Tampa Bay region, Florida's Turnpike Enterprise conducted a Project Development and Environment(PD&E) Study to address three major objectives: 1) the need for additional capacity, 2) improved access to/from the Veterans Expressway and 3) a more efficient toll collection system. At the conclusion of the study it was determined that the improvements will involve widening the existing four-lane limited-access toll road to an eight-lane limited-access toll road, implementing a more efficient all-electronic toll collection system, and interchange improvements at Waters Avenue, Anderson Road, Linebaugh Avenue, Gunn Highway, Ehrlich Road and Hutchison Avenue.
The Suncoast Parkway Project I is the 42-mile portion of Toll Road 589, connecting with the Veterans Expressway in northwest Hillsborough County, extending through Pasco County, and terminating in northern Hernando County at US 98, near the Hernando-Citrus County line.
Construction of the $507 million Suncoast Parkway began in the summer of 1998. The project opened to traffic in two phases. In February 2001 the section extending from Veterans Expressway to SR 50 in Hernando County opened, and the final section from SR 50 to US 98 opened in August 2001. Interchanges are located at Van Dyke Road, SR 54, SR 52, Pasco/Hernando County Line Road, Spring Hill Drive, SR 50 and the terminus at US 98.
The Suncoast Parkway is the Turnpike’s only facility incorporating a multiuse recreation trail into the design and construction of a limited-access roadway. The 42-mile trail corridor is contained within and along the west side of the Suncoast Parkway. It provides an alternative route for safe bicycle and pedestrian commuting for local residents and also serves as a regional recreational facility for residents of the region and visitors from throughout Florida.
In cooperation with Hillsborough, Pasco and Hernando counties, the Suncoast Trail has been designated as a “Millennium Trail: by the White House Millennium Council, a National Recreation Trail by the United States Department of the Interior, and part of Florida’s Greenways and Trails system.
Toll 417 – The Seminole Expressway/Central Florida GreeneWay/Southern Connector Extension
Toll Road 417 is a 55-mile, tolled, limited-access transportation corridor serving Osceola, Orange and Seminole Counties, and is a joint project of the Orlando-Orange County Expressway Authority (OOCEA) and Florida’s Turnpike Enterprise.
Florida’s Turnpike operates the northern 17 miles of Toll 417 as the Seminole Expressway, beginning at the Seminole County line and extending north to its terminus at Interstate 4 in Sanford. The OOCEA operates the middle section of Toll 417, from Milepost 6 in Orange County to Milepost 37.5 at the Seminole County line. This section is known as the Central Florida GreeneWay. The Turnpike also operates the southern end of Toll 417, from Milepost 1 at Interstate 4 to Milepost 6 in Orange County. This section of Toll 417 is known as the Southern Connector Extension, but it also referred to as the southern end of the Central Florida GreeneWay.
The Seminole Expressway was built as two separate construction projects. The 12-mile Project I extended from the Orange County line, across the award-winning 2.1 mile Lake Jesup Bridge to a connection with US 17/92, just south of Sanford. One barrier toll plaza is included, just north of Lake Jesup.
Project I of the Seminole Expressway opened in sections. The section south of Aloma Avenue was acquired from the Seminole County Expressway Authority in April 1990. The balance of the project was constructed by the Turnpike and opened during 1994. The section north to Red Bug Lake Road opened on January 11, 1994. The section north to SR 434 opened on April 2, 1994, and the final section to US 17/92 opened on May 9, except for the northern ramps at SR 434, which opened on June 16.
Construction of Project II of the $265 million Seminole Expressway began in the fall of 1999. On September 15, 2002, a ribbon-cutting ceremony was held for the six-mile project, which opened to traffic between US 17/92 and Interstate 4 the following morning.
A Project Development and Environment Study began in 2006 was completed in 2007 to assess needs for the widening of the Seminole Expressway. Initial plans call for interim widening the Seminole from four to six lanes between Aloma and SR 434, with an ultimate eight-lane configuration.
Due to a lack of funding, the construction of the interim widening project has been delayed and currently falls outside the ten-year work program.
The southern end of Toll 417 is known as the Southern Connector Extension. Construction began in December 1994, and was funded by the Turnpike and four private-sector partners. The Southern Connector joins the section of the Central Florida GreeneWay operated by the Orlando-Orange County Expressway Authority (OOCEA) and extends to Interstate 4 in Osceola County. There are interchanges with the Osceola Parkway (a tolled road constructed and operated by Osceola County) and the US 192 connector in Disney’s Celebration project. There is one mainline toll plaza located east of Interstate 4. This six-mile, $123 million project opened to traffic on June 23, 1996.
Click here for a map of Seminole Expressway
Click here for a map of Southern Connector
Toll 528 - The Martin Andersen Beachline Expressway
The Martin Andersen Beachline Expressway (formerly known as the Bee Line) is a 40-mile east-west tolled, limited-access transportation corridor serving Central Florida and the Space Coast. The road is owned and operated by Florida’s Turnpike Enterprise, the Orlando-Orange County Expressway Authority (OOCEA), and the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT).
Florida’s Turnpike Enterprise operates the western-most eight miles as the Beachline Expressway West, OOCEA operates from milepost eight to milepost 31, and FDOT District 5 operates the eastern nine miles, although the Turnpike collects tolls on that section.
The Beachline West begins at Interstate 4 near the International Drive resort area. As a result, traffic is primarily tourists traveling around the various hotels, tourist attractions and restaurants, as well as Orlando International Airport.
The nine-mile Beachline East begins at Milepost 31 and terminates in a connection with the Bennett Causeway at US 1. The Beachline East connects the John F. Kennedy Space Center and the aerospace industry with Orlando and serves as a regional connector to Florida’s east coast.
House Bill 385 became effective on July 1, 2005, changing the Martin Andersen Bee Line Expressway to the Martin Andersen Beachline Expressway in an effort to spur tourism and promote Central Florida beaches.
Click here for a map of Beachline Expressway
The Polk Parkway, Toll Road 570, is an expansion project of Florida’s Turnpike Enterprise. The Parkway is a 25-mile limited-access toll road connecting major Polk County cities to each other and to Interstate 4. Motorists enjoy a direct link between south Lakeland, Bartow, Auburndale, Polk City and the western suburbs of Winter Haven by way of the Polk Parkway. Completed in 1999, the road is a valuable link in both Florida’s Intrastate Highway System and in the Turnpike’s network of more than 454 miles of user-financed roadways.
The $490 million Polk Parkway was conceived by local officials in the 1950s ago as a circumferential route around Lakeland. Funding was not available to build the roadway, and plans for it were abandoned and revived several times over ensuing years. Revived again in 1986, the proposed road was designed the Imperial Parkway by the Polk County Board of County Commissioners. In the spring of 1990, the Florida Legislature passed Senate Bill 1316, allowing the Turnpike to build non-contiguous road projects. Fifty projects were submitted for consideration as possible new roads. The Polk Parkway was one of ten possible projects eventually identified by the legislature for consideration in the expansion program.
• Groundbreaking for the Parkway was 25 January 1996.
• The Western end, a 7.5 stretch of the Parkway, opened to traffic on 9 August 1998.
• The second (central) section, approximately 10 miles in length, opened to traffic on 2 August 1999.
• The final section opened to traffic on 12 December 1999, and is approximately 7.5 miles long.
The 1998 Florida Legislature designated the western seven miles of the Polk Parkway (between Interstate 4 and South Florida Avenue (SR 37) as the James Henry Mills Medal of Honor Parkway in recognition of his heroic actions in World War II in Cisterna Italy. A native Polk Countian, James Henry Mills was the only resident of the county to receive a medal of honor in World War II.
Click here for a map of the Polk Parkway
||Toll 869 - Sawgrass Expressway|
The Sawgrass Expressway (Toll 869) is a 23-mile facility in Broward County. The expressway extends from its junction with Interstate 75 in Weston to its interchange with Florida's Turnpike and Southwest 10th Street in Deerfield Beach.
The Sawgrass Expressway was built by the Broward County Expressway Authority and opened to traffic in 1986. It became part of Florida's Turnpike System in December 1990, when it was acquired by the Florida Department of Transportation.
Florida’s Turnpike will begin construction in 2013 to convert the Sawgrass Expressway into an all-electronic tolling roadway.
Click here for a map of Sawgrass Expressway
||Toll 429 - Daniel Webster Western Beltway|
The Daniel Webster Western Beltway Part C is an 11-mile, $313 million, limited-access toll road providing an alternate north-south route between Florida’s Turnpike and Interstate 4. Located west of Orlando near the Disney/Celebration attractions corridor, the Western Beltway also provides easy access to Toll 417 (the Central Florida GreeneWay). Full interchanges are located at Interstate 4, Sinclair Road, US 192 and Western Way. A partial interchange is located at Seidel Road.
Click here for a map of the Western Beltway
Click here for more information on the Western Beltway